Nebraska Library Commission
          Network Services

                March/April 2001  vol.7  no.2 issn 1082-4383



NEBASE is celebrating its twenty-fifth year serving Nebraska libraries in 2001. On May 20,1976 several academic libraries in Nebraska partnered with the Nebraska Library Commission to form the OCLC regional consortium called NEBASE. NEBASE was established to facilitate access to OCLC services for libraries throughout Nebraska. The Nebraska Library Commission was designated the managing body for the network with Rod Wagner, current Nebraska Library Commission Director, as NEBASE's first Director.

NEBASE began with nine original member libraries plus the Library Commission and has grown to include 146 libraries of all types and sizes: academic, research, public, school, medical, law, and special. Over the years, NEBASE has pioneered the implementation of new OCLC products and services for these libraries, including the Interlibrary Loan Subsystem, FirstSearch Group Subscription, Cataloging Express Service (CatExpress), and Cooperative Online Resource Catalog (CORC).

In addition to OCLC-based services, NEBASE coordinated related state network services, which promoted cooperative resource sharing among libraries. NEBASE sponsored the development on microfiche of NEUCAT, the Nebraska Union Catalog, and NEULIST, the Union List of Nebraska serials.

Today member libraries across the state continue to benefit from the wide range of products and services NEBASE provides in the areas of cataloging, reference, and resource sharing. To enhance member libraries' management and use of these services, NEBASE maintains cost-effective and innovative training, support, information, and administrative services. NEBASE is committed to providing ongoing promotion and support of Nebraska libraries in their cooperative efforts to share resources and information for the next quarter century and beyond.

--Christa Burns
  Nebraska Library Commission


Elections were held for two open positions on the NEBASE Advisory Council this January and the results are in. Sharon Mason, Head of Cataloging at the University of Nebraska at Kearney, was elected as a delegate to represent the academic libraries. Judy Oltmanns, Technical Services Librarian at Scottsbluff Public Library, was elected to represent public libraries. They will both serve on the Council through 2003.

In December of 1995, the NEBASE Advisory Council (NAC) was established to serve as a channel for two-way communication between NEBASE and its members. The Council is comprised of nine delegates, elected for three-year terms by the member libraries or appointed by NEBASE for geographic representation. In addition, the NEBASE member who currently serves on the OCLC Users Council will be an ex-officio member of the Council.

--Christa Burns
  Nebraska Library Commission


Come help us celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary of NEBASE by attending the NEBASE Annual Meeting-West, May 4 at the Gering Civic Center. Some of the topics on the agenda are an update on NEBASE and OCLC plans and activities, the forthcoming changes in Interlibrary Loan support services for small Nebraska libraries, the new OCLC Web-based interlibrary service, netLibrary and online database subscription updates and a look back at twenty-five years of NEBASE history.

For more information and to register, please go to </netserv/nam.html>. NEBASE Annual Meeting-East will be held September 20 in Lincoln at the Cornhusker. All Nebraska librarians are invited to attend.

--Jeannette Powell
  Nebraska Library Commission


The Nebraska Library Commission's budget request for the 2001-2003 biennium includes an additional $200,000 for database licenses above the current fiscal year funding level. Governor Johanns did not include the additional funds in his biennium budget recommendations. The Legislature's Appropriations Committee will consider the Library Commission's budget request when it makes its decisions and presents recommendations to the Legislature this spring. The Governor's budget recommendations and the Appropriations Committee's preliminary biennium budget recommendations include funds for online database subscriptions at the current year level. While the Library Commission has requested additional funds, the outcome will likely not be known until May when the Legislature and Governor complete work on the biennium budget.

Library Commission staff members are currently working with several online database vendors to obtain product pricing and ordering process information for databases currently licensed by the Commission on behalf of Nebraska libraries. The Commission is also seeking pricing and ordering information for online databases in which the Library Commission seeks group discounts but which are paid for by individual libraries. The Commission expects to renew the database subscriptions currently licensed and purchased by the Commission through state appropriations.

Since the Commission does not know what, if any, additional funds may be available for additional online database subscriptions, Nebraska libraries should make their own choices as if there will be no additional online database services available through state funds for the coming fiscal year. The Commission has not made any decisions about which online subscriptions that it will add if additional funds are forthcoming. Should additional funds be appropriated, the Commission will consider several products that are of common interest among Nebraska libraries.

--Rod Wagner
  Nebraska Library Commission


Do you have questions about the databases the Nebraska Library Commission has purchased for libraries across the state? If you would like to learn more about the databases you may want to attend the third annual Database Roadshow. The Database Roadshow 2001 will provide librarians with training on four of the databases funded through the Nebraska Library Commission. We will cover OCLC FirstSearch, Books in Print with Reviews, Wilson OmniFile and Biographies Plus and Electric Library. This year the class will be four and a half hours long and be divided into four segments, each focusing on a particular database. During each segment we will discuss and demonstrate a database, and then the class will have hands on time to practice using the database. Please bring any questions you may have and we will help you work through them during the hands on time. Continuing Education credits of 4.5 hours can be earned by attending this workshop.

At the time of publication we have the following sessions scheduled and we are working on scheduling additional locations. These locations will be posted to our website and sent out over the Trial Mailing List. Information about joining the Trial Mailing List can be found at: </netserv/tlist.html>.

May 10, 2001 - 9:30 am - 3:00 pm MDT at the Alliance Learning Center, Alliance
May 15, 2001 - 9:30 am - 3:00 pm CDT at the Northeast Community College, Norfolk
May 18, 2001 - 9:30 am - 3:00 pm CDT at the Central Community College, Kearney
May 22, 2001 - 9:30 am - 3:00 pm CDT at the Sump Memorial Library, Papillion

To attend the Database Roadshow 2001 you must complete the online registration form located at: </netserv/roadshow.html>. Class sizes are limited and registrations will be taken on a first come basis.

--Allana Novotny
  Nebraska Library Commission


NEBASE is offering group discounts to all librarians in Nebraska who attend the InfoToday 2001 conference. The InfoToday 2001 conference is an outgrowth of Information Today's National Online Meeting. In addition to the National Online 2001 programming, the InfoToday 2001 conference will include a Knowledge Management component (KnowledgeNets 2001) and a library information systems and services component (E-Libraries 2001). InfoToday 2001 will be held May 15-17 at the New York Hilton. Detailed information about the conference can be found on the conference Web page at <>.

By taking advantage of this offer, Nebraska librarians are eligible for the following special rates:

No discounts are available for daily registrations or pre- or post-conference seminars and workshops.

To register for InfoToday 2001, print the registration form located at <>. Mail or fax the completed registration form to Jodene Glaesemann at the address below. Payment (credit card or check payable to Information Today, Inc.) must accompany your registration form. To receive the discount, registrations MUST be sent to the Nebraska Library Commission. Completed registration forms must be received by March 30.

Jodene Glaesemann
Nebraska Library Commission
The Atrium
1200 N St., Suite 120
Lincoln, NE 68508-2023
Phone: 800-307-2665 or 402-471-4009
Fax: 402-471-2083
E-mail: [obsolete]

--Susan Knisely
  Nebraska Library Commission


The Nebraska Library Commission is pleased to announce that Ingram Library Services has agreed to include all Nebraska publicly funded college and university libraries in the discount program previously offered only to Nebraska public libraries. The current agreement is in effect through January 31, 2003. In addition to the discount rates listed below, the offer includes free shipping on most orders.


Trade Hardcover 41.5%
Trade Quality Paperbacks 36.0%
Mass Market Paperbacks 36.0%
Publisher's Library Bindings 13.0%
Short Discounted Titles* 10.0%
University Press 15.0%
Spoken Word Audio** 0-45.0%
Video 25.0%
Net Titles*** 00.0%

* Short discounts to include Technical and Reference titles as defined by Ingram categories.
** Eighty to eighty-five percent of all Spoken Word Audio is at forty-five percent discount; however, some Spoken Word Audio is short discounted by the publisher.
*** Net Titles are invoiced at 0% discount.

To receive these discounts, each individual ordering agency needs to verify with Customer Support, 800-937-5300, Option 4, that accounts are eligible and have been set up to order under this offer. Ingram cannot issue credit for accounts not following the proper procedures. Any item that is ordered prior to the start date of this offer is not eligible to receive the terms of this deal. This applies to all backorders, standing orders, and firm orders placed prior to the enactment of this offer.

Complete details are available at </netserv/ingram.html>. If you have any questions please contact Susan Knisely at 800-307-2665, 402-471-3849, or e-mail Susan Knisely.

--Susan Knisely
  Nebraska Library Commission


The Nebraska Library Commission is pleased to announce that SIRS pricing for the subscription term running from July 1, 2001 through June 30, 2002 will remain the same as it was last year. As in the past, discounts are being offered on SIRS Researcher and SIRS Discoverer Deluxe. Pricing for these two products is based on school enrollment or population served by a public library. Institutions that subscribe to SIRS Researcher are also eligible for discounted pricing on SIRS Government Reporter and SIRS Renaissance. The SIRS order deadline for a July 1, 2001 start date is June 1, 2001. Complete pricing information and an online order form are available at </netserv/pricing.html#sirs>.

To assist libraries in making purchase decisions, SIRS is also providing trial access to the following five databases through April 30, 2001: SIRS Researcher, SIRS Discoverer Deluxe, SIRS Government Reporter, SIRS Renaissance, and SIRS NetSelect. The trial user name and password were distributed via a February 12, 2001 message to the TRIAL mailing list. If you did not receive this information or would like to have it sent to you again, please contact Susan Knisely at 800-307-2665, 402-471-3849, or e-mail Susan Knisely.

--Susan Knisely
  Nebraska Library Commission


FirstSearch Service Administrative Module
OCLC is planning to implement changes that will facilitate the use of the Netscape 6 browser with the OCLC FirstSearch service administrative module. Until these changes are installed in late March, OCLC recommends that library staff do not use Netscape 6 for access to the FirstSearch administrative module, because the administrative module does not work correctly with this browser version. This is the only browser version for which OCLC has identified administrative module compatibility issues.

OCLC will contact users via the FIRSTSEARCH-L listserv following the implementation of changes needed for use of Netscape 6 for FirstSearch administrative module access.

Testing at OCLC has revealed that CatExpress WILL NOT work with Netscape 6.0. Some issues can be addressed by changes to OCLC software, but others are inherent in the browser and must be fixed by Netscape before they can be resolved effectively. Netscape 6.0 is relatively new, and Netscape has been issuing periodic patches to correct problems. Like any new software, there will be an initial shake-out to discover and correct some problems.

We recommend that CatExpress users use either Internet Explorer 4.x or higher or Netscape 4.x. OCLC is working to resolve the compatibility issues. Do not use Netscape 6.0 to access CatExpress until after we announce that this problem is resolved.

The CORC team is continuing to test CORC with Netscape 6.0, and we've been making changes to CORC over the past few installs to address a number of known problems. As we've continued to test CORC with Netscape 6.0 we've discovered some issues that impair users' activities in CORC to the point that CORC users should avoid using Netscape 6.0 at this time.

Problems encountered include:

1. Authority control -- some simple actions for authority control work fine, but some of the more complex tasks (e.g., if multiple records are presented as potential matches to a heading) lead to several problems including in some cases inadvertent session termination.

2. Editing in Dublin Core view -- the last field displayed in a record will presented in an uneditable display.

3. Exporting MARC records -- although transactions appear to be successful, in fact Netscape 6 will not actually have exported the record, but rather a copy of the current screens HTML.

We will continue to test Netscape 6.x as changes are made, and look forward to announcing in the not-so-distant future that it may be used without problems for accessing CORC. For the moment, however, please continue to use either Internet Explorer 4.x or higher or Netscape 4.x browsers.

--OCLC [edited]


Library users, influenced by their experiences using the Web, expect libraries to deliver content and supporting services when they need them, where they need them, and within their own context. OCLC has recently implemented two enhancements to help users link to information available on the OCLC FirstSearch service: inbound linking and direct article access.

Inbound linking
Inbound linking allows libraries to link from databases purchased from alternative service providers to full-text/full-image publications hosted on FirstSearch. Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) is the first alternative service provider to implement links from thirty-three databases that it produces and hosts to full-image articles in OCLC FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online journals. To take advantage of inbound linking, libraries must subscribe to one or more of the CSA databases and the Electronic Collections Online journals to which they are linked. A list of the CSA databases that provide this linking is available at: <>.

A joint press release about this enhancement is posted on the CSA Web site: <>.

Current users of the CSA Document Linking Features can enable links to Electronic Collections online articles using their CSA Administrative Profile Module: <>.

Inbound linking helps libraries deliver content and supporting services and adds value to their Electronic Collections Online subscriptions. There is no additional charge for this service.

Direct article access
Direct article access facilitates linking from an external source directly to individual articles within databases on FirstSearch. Libraries can place an encoded URL on a Web site for access to articles in FirstSearch. An example of direct article access is linking from a course syllabus, reading list, or electronic reserve list on a library Web site to the cited articles available within the OCLC FirstSearch service. Clicking a browser's back button returns a user to the library site.

This additional full text access option is available to libraries that provide automatic logon access to FirstSearch via either IP address recognition or WebScript. For details about implementing Direct Article Access, see "FirstSearch Direct article access: linking from your library's Web pages to the full text of journal articles in FirstSearch" at <>.

OCLC continues to work with partners to help libraries integrate access to information through their chosen channels, to on-site and remote users of library resources.

--Joan Giglierano [edited]
  OCLC Reference and Resource Sharing


The OCLC FirstSearch service now includes additional search assistance, an expanded "Clear" function, and a simplified way for users to return to their libraries' Web sites after a search session times out.

Search Assistance When a search yields more than 500 items, suggestions for refining search results are provided at the top of the "List of Records" screen. When a search retrieves no matching items, hints for increasing search results are provided at the top of the search screen.

Expanded Clear Function The "Clear" option on search forms now clears search terms from all search screens (Home, Basic, Advanced and Expert) to help you quickly delete terms and begin a new search.

Timeout Return to Referring Page When IP address recognition and WebScript users timeout of a FirstSearch session, a dialog box allows them to click OK to return to the referring library Web page. This enhancement gives IP and WebScript users an easy way to get back to the screen from which they first entered FirstSearch.

Please contact NEBASE with questions about the OCLC FirstSearch service.

--Sonya Thelin Oliver [edited]
  OCLC Reference and Resource Sharing


PAIS International, long considered the premier public policy database, now has more to offer its users on the OCLC FirstSearch service.

The enhanced PAIS International includes new indexing and record displays, which make searching the database faster, easier and more flexible. PAIS International on FirstSearch now features links to full text from other databases and electronic journals within FirstSearch, allowing users to access a growing number of articles online. In addition, PAIS International on FirstSearch allows users easy access to library holdings information and allows them to limit their searches to items held by their own library or to specific library collections. The link from FirstSearch to the OCLC Interlibrary Loan service lets users submit loan requests for materials they need quickly and efficiently. PAIS International on FirstSearch also integrates selected Web sites, as well as directory information for the journals, publishers and distributors it covers. The materials covered in the PAIS International database go back to 1972, giving it more depth and breadth than most Web-based resources.

"The enhancements added to PAIS in January make it more valuable than ever to researchers investigating topics in world affairs, public policy and the social sciences," said Lori Saviers, director of Product Marketing and Licensing, Reference and Resource Sharing Division. "PAIS International's global scope and inclusion of non-English language materials make it an attractive resource for libraries around the world."

"Users will be very pleased with reloaded PAIS International's improved accessibility and, by extension, usability with the new FirstSearch functionality," said Debra Spruill, executive director, OCLC PAIS. "There are 17 new access points, including links to URLs and e-mail from the citations. And with links to FirstSearch full text, PAIS International is new again on FirstSearch."

PAIS International is produced by OCLC PAIS (Public Affairs Information Service) and shares the high standards of other OCLC-produced databases. It provides selective subject and bibliographic access to periodicals, books, hearings, reports, gray literature, government publications, Internet resources and other publications from 120 countries.

Based in New York City, OCLC PAIS is a not-for-profit educational corporation founded in 1914 by librarians; chartered in 1954 by the Board of Regents, Education Department, State of New York; and dedicated to providing better access to the literature of public affairs--current issues and actions that affect world communities, countries, people and governments. The PAIS International database contains over 480,000 records abstracted and indexed from literature originally published in English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish. OCLC PAIS publishes indexes and abstracts that help people identify and locate documents about important political, economic and social issues in public debate throughout the world. PAIS and OCLC merged in January 2000. More information about OCLC PAIS is available on the OCLC PAIS Web site <>.

--OCLC [edited]


The OCLC FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online database has passed another milestone--the number of journals available online is now over 3,000 from fifty-five publishers.

Users, like Drexel University's W.W. Hagerty Library, find much to like in addition to the growing number of titles in the database.

"We are especially happy with the archiving feature," said Katie Brady, electronic resources librarian, Drexel University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). "This kind of perpetual electronic access means Electronic Collections Online offers the closest thing out there right now to buying electronic journals, rather than just leasing access. It also means we will, of course, be watching with interest how the collection continues to grow."

"That the Electronic Collections Online platform is now gracefully integrated with FirstSearch is a very welcome improvement to both services," she said. "Our patrons appreciate the fact that all the enhancements to the new FirstSearch now apply to the database, and we certainly appreciate the seamless linking between the two."

Launched in June 1997, Electronic Collections Online passed the 1,000-journal mark on Oct. 11, 1998, and the 2,000-journal mark on Nov. 21, 1999. Nearly one year to the day after the 2,000-journal milestone was passed, OCLC loaded the 3,000th journal on Nov. 19, 2000.

More than 3,200 journals are currently under contract for the service. The publishers that have most recently agreed to make journals available through Electronic Collections Online are Technomic Publishing, the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, and the British Psychological Society.

Many FirstSearch libraries subscribe to Electronic Collections Online journals already in their collections at no additional subscription cost through the Print Subscriber Program. Through this program, thirty publishers are making the electronic versions of more than 1,500 journals available at no additional cost to institutions that subscribe to these titles in print for 2001.

Electronic Collections Online provides full-image journal articles (predominately in PDF format) on a wide variety of subject matter. A database on the OCLC FirstSearch service, Electronic Collections Online serves as a source of full text that is linked to citations in over thirty-five other FirstSearch databases to support widespread access to libraries' electronic journal content. A complete list of all publishers and journals included in the database is available on the OCLC Web site <>.

--OCLC [edited]


OCLC has successfully added journal-level activity for OCLC FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online usage to the OCLC FirstSearch Usage Statistics <>.

The addition of Electronic Collections Online detailed statistics to the online statistical reports will consolidate access to all Electronic Collections Online statistics in one location, and will eliminate the need to distribute hard copy reports to Electronic Collections Online subscribers. Journal-level activity data is being added to the database-level data that has been included in the online usage statistics reports since May 1999. The journal-level details are the same statistics that have been provided in hard copy reports since the release of Electronic Collections Online in 1997.

FirstSearch and Electronic Collections Online administrators will continue to log on to the statistics site at <> with a 9-digit FirstSearch authorization number and an administrative password. Titles for reports of Electronic Collections Online journal-level activity will display in the drop-down menu of available reports. Online Help within the OCLC FirstSearch Usage Statistics site will include explanations of the additional Electronic Collections Online data being added to the reports, in addition to definitions of the revised report titles and data labels.

This enhancement began with reports of January 2001 activity, which were available online in early February 2001. Until the February data was available, Electronic Collections Online authorizations and new report titles for Electronic Collections Online activity appeared in the online environment with no associated data.

***PLEASE NOTE that Electronic Collections Online statistics will be available online several days before FirstSearch statistics are added to the reports. During the period of time between the availability of Electronic Collections Online statistics and the addition of FirstSearch data, only authorizations that are used for Electronic Collections Online access will be available for display of data for the previous month's activity.***

With the availability of this information online, OCLC is discontinuing distribution of the hard copy reports. Please contact NEBASE with questions about the OCLC FirstSearch service.

--OCLC [edited]


The Product Services Web Reference Card is now available in print and PDF format. It contains procedures for using the Product Services Web page. It also gives browser-specific instructions for viewing and downloading records and reports. The Product Services Web Reference Card is available on the Web at: <>. The card supersedes Technical Bulletin 225: OCLC Product Services via the Web, which is now obsolete.

How to order print copies The card is available at no charge. Please contact NEBASE for copies or use the Documentation Request form on the web. Please include product code REF1061 in your order and send your order to: <> or fax (614-798-5728).

--Chris Dawson [edited]
  OCLC Quality Assurance


Some users have experienced problems printing labels after upgrading to version 1.20 of the OCLC CatME for Windows software. This includes problems with printing labels to a pinfeed printer and also problems printing to either a dot matrix or laser printer using a Generic/Text printer driver. If you experience these problems after upgrading to CatME 1.20, please see the CatME home page for more information and to download the patch: <>.

--David Whitehair
  OCLC Metadata Services Division


CORC version 1.11
On Sunday, January 28, 2001, OCLC implemented several enhancements to CORC.

WebDewey Update:
This installation marks the second quarterly update of the WebDewey database. The database now includes all updates to Dewey Decimal Classification, Edition 21, from October through December 2000 (corrections, new developments, new built numbers, and additional electronic index terms). Notable additions include completely new expansion for sign languages, a new number for the Bush administration, and additional built numbers for topics in literature. The new database also includes the new and changed entries through January 2001 and all editorially mapped LCSH/DDC (EM) from LC Subject Headings Weekly Lists nos. 21-34, 2000. In addition, all of the statistically mapped LCSH/DDC pairings in the FM category, which are generated from WorldCat by means of a straight frequency algorithm, have been updated. These mappings correspond to those in Dewey for Windows, version 2.10, released January 2001.

Controlling headings:
1) Resolution of the problem causing the system to freeze when controlling headings.
2) Refinement of the "Control All" action to respect second indicators when controlling headings. This resolved the problem reported by users that resulted changing non-LCSH headings to LCSH if an exact text match was found either in a 1xx or 4xx field of the authority record.

Editing updates:
1) Corrections to the Dublin Core-MARC crosswalk, specifically, the field format.extentSize was removed and Format.medium.IMT and Format (unqualified) no longer maps to a single 856 field.
2) Removal of extraneous data from DC HTML and DC RDF export previews and export.
3) Updating of copyright displays to reflect 2001.
4) Fixed various problems with superscript, subscript, and Greek characters.
5) Metadata shortcuts no longer pop up a prompt box to ask for the user's password.
6) Metadata Shortcuts redirect to a web page where the user must enter user name and password, and the password is hidden by asterisks.

Note: Existing metadata shortcuts will work with version 1.11 of CORC. However, to take advantage of the new, more secure login procedure you must replace your existing shortcuts with updated ones. To update your metadata shortcuts:
A. Remove existing shortcuts from your browser's personal toolbar.
B. On the CORC navigation bar, select General, Metadata Shortcuts.
C. On the Metadata Shortcuts screen, click the textual link (not the graphic) for the shortcut you want and drag the link from the Metadata Shortcuts screen to the browser's personal toolbar. Then release the mouse button. If the browser asks you to confirm that you want to add the link, click Yes.
D. Repeat step C to add other shortcuts.

For more information on metadata shortcuts, click Help at the Metadata Shortcuts screen.

7) Fixed a jump bar problem for the RC and RC savefile.
8) Added of slot numbers to brief entries in save file search results.
9) Added searching by Used Date and sorting search results by date to the Pathfinder save file.

Fixed the system to work with Netscape 6.0. Netscape 6.0 still seems to have a few odd behaviors, but users should be able to do the vast majority of their work on Netscape 6.0. The main problems that we know about right now are caching problems. This makes the system appear to bring up the wrong page or an out-of-date page. In reality, the system is not even being contacted. The browser is attempting to access a cached version of the page. This happens sometimes regardless of the cache setting for your Netscape 6.0 browser.

In addition, various problems pathfinders in Netscape version 4.75 have been resolved.

CORC version 1.12
On Sunday February 25, 2001, OCLC implemented several enhancements to CORC <>.

1. Editing
Modifications and corrections to the CORC Dublin Core-MARC crosswalk logic, namely:

Fixed a linking problem that was linking the entire 856 field (not just the ≠u) to Identifier.URI.

Synchronized validation routines to be the same in MARC and DC views.

Corrected a problem with cloning records in DC view that contain Subject.topical fields.

Fixed jump bar problem in WorldCat search and RC save file.

Additional adjustments to correct minor problems encountered by users using Netscape 6.0.

2. OCLC-MARC Processing Field 994 Added
Currently, the OCLC institution symbol has three characters. In the future, OCLC will expand the symbol to five-to-eight characters (existing symbols will remain three characters). To prepare for OCLC symbol expansion, the output for OCLC-MARC bibliographic records must be changed (OCLC Newsletter January/February 1999, no. 237; <>). OCLC will inform users of other changes related to symbol expansion as information becomes available.

Currently, the holding library code (used in field 049) is unique across the OCLC system; it has four characters, usually the institution symbol plus another character. After symbol expansion, the holding library code will no longer be unique across the system. OCLC is adding field 994 to preserve the unique relation between the holding library code and the institution symbol after symbol expansion. Please consult your system staff as appropriate

For more information, point your browser to Technical Bulletin 232:<>

3. Known Problem
There is a known problem when canceling changes when editing a master RC record. A screen will display with the message, "System failure". This is a failure to redisplay the original record, not a failure to cancel your changes. The problem was repaired on February 28, 2001.

As always, feedback is most welcome. Please use the Contact Support feature in CORC, select suggestions/Enhancements," and send us your comments.

--Sandy McIntyre [edited]
  OCLC Metadata Services Division


Updated CORC Help was included in the new versions of CORC, installed January 28, 2001 (1.11) and February 25, 2001 (1.12).

CORC online documentation
The following printable CORC system guides (in PDF format) have been revised to reflect changes included in release 1.11:

The following printable CORC system guides (in PDFformat) have been revised to reflect changes included in release 1.12: All CORC online documents (PDFs) are available on the CORC documentation page: <> (Please note the new URL for this page.)

To go to the documentation page from within CORC,

Or We welcome and appreciate your comments on CORC Help and online documentation.

--Joanne Murphy [edited]
  OCLC Quality Assurance


Express multi-record export (sites that prefer to edit records in their local system)

1. Search the Resource Catalog and tag records. (Tagging in CORC is similar to tagging in FirstSearch: From the results display, check the boxes next to the desired records. From a single record display, select Tag record on the Actions list). The tagged records from multiple searches accumulate so you may search as many times as you wish and tag at will. (You may also untag if you make an error.

2. Click Resource Catalog>Show>Tagged RC Records in the Navigation bar. Tagged records are displayed. In the Actions list, select Export Tagged Items to download all of the tagged records in a single file to your workstation.

Record-by-record editing, updating and then batch export

1. After editing a record, update holdings and then tag record. Or edit, tag and then update holdings. (Either order works.)

2. Click Resource Catalog>Show>Tagged RC Records in the Navigation bar. Tagged records are displayed. In the Actions list, select Export Tagged Items to download the records in a single file to the user's workstation.

Variation Records may be saved to the RC save file and then tagged and exported as a batch from Resource Catalog>Show>Tagged RC Save File. (Note: Records with the OCLC number "new" may not be exported. This is also true in other OCLC systems. You must add a record to WorldCat before it can be exported.)

Remember: Tags are session specific and disappear once you log off so no matter what approach you adopt to tag records, you must export tagged records before exiting CORC. Otherwise, you must repeat searching/editing and tagging to export the records in a future CORC session.

See CORC Help for detailed instructions on exporting resource records, including batch export. Search Help for "export resource records."

Several enhancements in development will make export easier. The enhancements will make CORC export more akin to export in other OCLC cataloging interfaces.

Exporting to specific ILSs The CORC-L archives are a good source of posted information, in response to questions, about exporting to a specific local system. The CORC-L archives are accessible at <>.

Also, posting your own questions to the CORC-L listserv is a good way to ask for assistance and ideas. Sign up for CORC-L at <>.

--Alane Wilson
  OCLC Metadata Services


The Library of Congress and OCLC have signed a cooperative agreement to develop a prototype for a new reference service based on the Collaborative Digital Reference Service (CDRS) pilot, begun in early 2000 by the Library of Congress and sixteen participating libraries. Now in its third phase, the pilot project has expanded to include more than sixty libraries and other institutions internationally.

The goal of CDRS is to provide professional reference service to researchers anytime anywhere, through an international, digital network of libraries and related institutions. The 24/7 service will deliver the direct benefits of quality reference service to a broad spectrum of users: a reliable and authoritative knowledge navigation service, a large searchable archive of authoritative answers, and increased visibility and support for libraries everywhere. The service will use new technologies to provide the best answers in the best context by using Internet resources, as well as other resources that are held by libraries. CDRS supports libraries by providing additional choices for the services they offer their end users. Libraries will assist their users by connecting to the CDRS to send questions that are best answered by the expert staff and collections of CDRS institutions from around the world.

According to the agreement, OCLC will provide technical and development support to the CDRS pilot by:

Together, the Library of Congress and OCLC expect to develop a viable model for a self-sustaining digital reference service and promote CDRS in the library community.

OCLC and the Library of Congress co-sponsored a symposium on "Building the Virtual Reference Desk in a 24/7 World" at the Library of Congress on Jan. 12 that was attended by more than 600 librarians. Speakers at the symposium described their experiences with virtual reference services in academic and public libraries in the United States.

Chip Nilges, director of New Product Planning at OCLC, informed the audience that OCLC was exploring several possible roles in the cooperative reference services environment that could include supporting emerging networks, delivering a low-cost alternative for local use and supporting cooperative efforts to deliver reference services through the Internet. In his concluding remarks, Frank Hermes, vice president for Planning and Marketing at OCLC, said that "cooperative reference services is central to the OCLC strategy, and it is also central to the future of libraries and librarianship."

Diane Nester Kresh, director for Public Service Collections at the Library of Congress, provided an overview of the Collaborative Digital Reference Service during the symposium. "By linking libraries for reference services," Ms. Kresh said, "the CDRS would combine the power of local collections and staff strengths with the diversity and availability of libraries and librarians everywhere, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There would always be a librarian available to provide to users located anywhere the interchange and experience of trained assistance in providing access to collections and resources both analog and digital."

The Library of Congress, with more than 120 million items, is the largest in the world. Its collections are in all formats on which information is recorded: books, manuscripts, films, audio tape, maps, prints, photographs, musical scores and digital disk. Its Web site <> is one of the most popular in the federal government, handling more than 115 million hits per month. The Library's newest Web site, America's Library <> has recently been named by USA Today as one of the "hot sites" of 2000.

--OCLC [edited]


OCLC Access Suite™ compact disc version 4.00 is now available. This new compact disc includes updated versions of the following applications:

In addition, it includes the following new programs: All software included on the OCLC Access Suite compact disc has been previously released for electronic download from the OCLC Web site. If you have already downloaded these applications, you do not need to request the compact disc. OCLC will not automatically ship copies to you, so please be sure to place your order if you do need compact discs.

For more information and to order the OCLC Access Suite, please visit <>.

--OCLC "Bits and Pieces"


The second edition of the OCLC Cataloging Express User Guide is now available on the OCLC Web site. The new edition contains more detailed information on advanced search keys and qualifiers, common error messages and setting up a Web browser. The following changes were made with this edition:

The second edition is available at <>.

--Christa Burns
  Nebraska Library Commission


February's featured participant in the OCLC ILL Document Supplier Program is Access Russia, Inc. The following article details its collections along with some ILL policies.

Access Russia staff provide searching, photocopying and delivery of Scientific and Business Information publications from libraries and information centers of Russia, the republics of the former Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe. Access Russia also provides translations of documents to English, utilizing its machine translation system. Its coverage includes the ability to deliver almost any published document from any of the countries of the former Soviet Union, including newspaper and journal articles, books, conference proceedings, deposit documents, patents, dissertations, and standards. The service has access to a number of Russian databases to obtain needed documents.

Access Russia materials are available for purchase only. Document searching up to $25 is available depending on the difficulty of request. Copying is available for $0.40 per page. Rapid machine translation (for documents in machine-readable format) is available for $0.05 per word. Subject (profile) searching of Russian databases is available for $50-$100 per search, depending on difficulty of request. Each bibliographic record found incurs a $0.18 fee. Courier expenses and copyright payments are additional.

Requests can be filled and sent along with a list of bibliographical citations subject related to the requested document, free of charge.

Urgent requests are filled within 24-48 hours. The most difficult requests will be filled within ten days. Requests are mailed via US mail, unless a special request is made to do otherwise.

For additional information and more specific instructions on requirements for filling out the OCLC ILL workform as specified by Access Russia (OCLC symbol A4R), see <>, NAD record :102676, the ILL Document Supplier Reference Card, or contact:

Access Russia, Inc.
1000 Washington Avenue
Suite C
Albany, CA 94706
Telephone: +510-528-0536
Fax: +510-558-9118
E-Mail: <>
URL: <>

--Mark Tullos
  OCLC Reference and Resource Sharing


January's featured participant in the OCLC ILL Document Supplier Program is ISI Document Solution (IDS).

IDS supplies laser-printed pages or high-quality photocopies for comprehensive document delivery, including coverage from over 7,000 journals covered in the scholarly ISI database.

Its coverage includes articles indexed in any Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) product as well as many other sources. Contact IDS for its Journal Coverage List. All are accessible through ISI's Current Contents, Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, Arts and Humanities Citation Index, and other reference sources.

IDS materials are available for purchase only. Internally held requests are processed within twenty-four hours. Payment options include regular payment, monthly billing accounts, and deposit accounts. Yearly volume plans are available at reduced rates. For current price information, see Name-Address Directory record, NACN :9823.

Requests are shipped by first-class mail. Please note that rush orders and overnight express carry additional charges.

Special instructions for OCLC ILL requests. Enter TGA twice within the LENDER field of the ILL workform. Also, specify ISI accession number or OCLC number if unknown within the VERIFIED field.

For additional information and more specific instructions on requirements for filling out the OCLC ILL workform as specified by ISI Document Solution (OCLC symbol TGA), see <>, NAD record :9823, the ILL Document Supplier Reference Card, or contact:

ISI Document Solution
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Telephone: 800-336-4474, option 5 (U.S. and Canada)
+215-386-0100, ext. 4900
Fax: +215-222-0840
E-Mail: <>
URL: <>

--Mark Tullos
  OCLC Reference and Resource Sharing


Ingram Library Services, Inc. is now an active OCLC PromptCat service vendor. As one of seventeen vendors supporting the service, Ingram will provide electronic lists of titles and the purchasing library's name to OCLC so that PromptCat can automatically set holdings and deliver MARC records. If you have questions about the OCLC PromptCat service, or wish to subscribe to PromptCat and/or profile Ingram Library Services, Inc. as your vendor of choice, please contact NEBASE or Robin Buser at OCLC at <>.

--OCLC "Bits and Pieces" [edited]


ILL staff: Do you ever wonder which serial titles are your library's "most-requested"? Are you tired of responding "NO" to the same titles over and over? Do you wish your library's serial holdings were up to date in OCLC so that borrowing libraries would know that you don't have that volume of the title? Do you ever wish you could get a "jump-start" on entering Local Data Records for serial holdings?

If your answer to any of the above questions is "YES", then the solution may be the OCLC Union List Strategic Report. This report contains a list of serial titles requested from your library as an OCLC lender during the previous eighteen months, ranked in order of popularity (most-frequently requested first). And best of all, the report is provided to your library at no additional cost.

This report gives libraries a "strategy" for entering accurate serial holdings data for titles that are frequently requested from them on Interlibrary Loan. During the pilot phase of the service, ILL fill rates increased up to thirty-three percent for participating libraries.

Libraries may place an order for the report using the Web form at <>. Any order placed prior to the fifteenth of the month will be ready for retrieval on the Product Services Web by the fifteenth of the following month. These reports are created using Microsoft Excel spreadsheets, and are provided at no cost to the library. Additional product information is located on the OCLC Web site at <>.

A quick instruction guide for entering Union List Local Data Records (LDRs) is located on the OCLC Web site at <>

Libraries ordering a Union List Strategic Report are also encouraged to contact NEBASE for assistance, support, and/or training in entering LDRs.

--Cathy Kellum [edited]
  OCLC Reference and Resource Sharing


The Peninsula Library System (PLS) in California and the North Suburban Library System (NSLS) in Illinois have agreed to serve as test sites for enhancements to the WorldCat database, a shared catalog of more than 45 million books and other materials held by more than 8,000 libraries worldwide. The planned enhancements-including new content, interface features and database functionality--represent the first phase of OCLC's three-year strategy for evolving WorldCat from a database of library materials and holdings, into a global information exchange connecting libraries, librarians and library users.

The library systems participating in the pilot will provide input on the direction, features and usability of new database and interface capabilities that represent phase one of the WorldCat project.

"The North Suburban Library System is interested in helping its members explore the latest technologies and in encouraging vendors to bring library catalogs into the 21st century," said Sarah Ann Long, system director, NSLS. "This project offers new and exciting opportunities to those of our members who are participating."

"We believe this is a unique opportunity to create a brand new library service for users in our community," said Gail McPartland, assistant director for technology, PLS. "We're excited to be working with OCLC in developing this innovative service and believe that our work will change the face of library services for years to come."

Over the past thirty years, libraries have used OCLC shared cataloging to create WorldCat, which today is the world's foremost bibliographic database. In the next three years as part of its global strategy, OCLC, with the help of libraries, will extend this cooperative framework to include new participants, new types of content, and automated tools to capture, organize and deliver metadata. Each participating institution will use and share metadata that includes descriptions, holdings, reviews and previews as well as links to content.

"WorldCat epitomizes the value of library collaboration," said Chip Nilges, director, New Product Planning, OCLC Discovery and Fulfillment. "By working together, libraries, through WorldCat, are able to dramatically reduce the cost of cataloging their collections and offer their users access to resources that no single library could possess. The pilot project will build on library collaboration, demonstrating how WorldCat content can be expanded and how WorldCat can become a much more sophisticated discovery tool for librarians and library users."

OCLC's global strategy, "Extending the OCLC Cooperative--a three-year strategy," calls for the evolution of WorldCat into a globally networked information resource providing public access to the content and expertise of the world's libraries, museums, archives and other repositories of scientific, literary and educational information. More information on the global strategy is available from the OCLC Web site <>.

As development progresses, additional content will be linked to bibliographic records in WorldCat. Planned content includes more than 10 million article records from ArticleFirst and Electronic Collections Online, tables of contents from books and serials, book reviews, book and serial cover art, and links to full text licensed through FirstSearch.

Institutions participating in the project will access the new WorldCat features through either the OCLC WebExpress service or OCLC FirstSearch service interface. As the project progresses additional service options may be added, including integration of Z39.50-accessible resources under a single interface; scoping capabilities to limit searches by library group; collaborative recommendations that will present "recommended items" based on input from users ("frequently requested items," etc.); and fulfillment options that allow the user to link to full-text or Web resources, view library OPAC holdings, initiate interlibrary loan requests, or purchase items from an online media vendor.

The Peninsula Library System (PLS) is a consortium of thirty-two city, county and community college libraries in San Mateo County, California.

The North Suburban NSLS is a consortium of over 650 academic, public, school and special libraries in north suburban Cook, Kane, Lake and McHenry counties in Illinois.

WorldCat, available to libraries online since 1971, is a merged, electronic catalog of the bibliographic and holding information of OCLC member libraries. The more than 45 million records in WorldCat represent more than 750 million items held in libraries around the world.

--OCLC [edited]


OCLC announced at the ALA 2001 midwinter conference that a credit for each new Union List Local Data Record (LDR) added will be given beginning February 1, 2001. This credit, equal to the cost of a numeric or derived search, was based on a recommendation made by the Ad Hoc Task Force on Union Listing in summer 2000.

This "LDR addition credit" mirrors that of the "LDR update credit" which has been in place for some time. Both reward libraries for maintaining accurate serial holdings data within the framework of the OCLC WorldCat database.

--Cathy Kellum
  OCLC Reference and Resource Sharing


Because they document new OCLC products, features, and options; they describe changes in the OCLC systems that affect your workflow; they give the step-by-step procedures you need until user guides are issued or revised.

Technical bulletins consolidate system changes into one document, rather than many revision pages for several manuals. They are supplements to the related documentation until revisions are published.

When are bulletins obsolete?
As we revise user guides and issue revision pages, we include information from the technical bulletins. The bulletins become obsolete. You should discard your copies or mark them obsolete.

How to find Technical bulletins on the OCLC Web site?
Current technical bulletins are available on the OCLC Web site at: <>. If errors are reported, we revise the version on the web, but do not reissue and distribute the bulletin in print.

Techbul-L is a discussion list that alerts you to new technical bulletins and gives their location on the OCLC Web site. You can subscribe to this list by going to <>.

--Lois Yoakam [edited]
  OCLC Quality Assurance


To register for any of the workshops please complete the registration form at </netserv/nebase/oclcworkshops.html>. Please note: The annual meetings have a separate registration URL. The registration fee is $10 per session for NEBASE members unless otherwise indicated. If you are not a NEBASE member, please contact Jeannette Powell at 800-307-2665 or 402-471-7740 or e-mail Jeannette Powell for registration fee.

MARCH 12, 2001:
Location: Nebraska Library Commission
Time: 1:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Instructor: Christa Burns

March 22, 2001:
Location: Nebraska Library Commission
Time: 9:00 am - 12:00 noon
Instructor: Christa Burns

Location: Nebraska Library Commission
Time: 1:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Instructor: Christa Burns

April 2, 2001:
Location: Nebraska Library Commission
Time: 1:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Instructor: Christa Burns

May 4, 2001:
NEBASE Annual Meeting - West
Come help us celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary of NEBASE. Some of the topics on the agenda are an update on NEBASE and OCLC plans and activities, the forthcoming changes in Interlibrary Loan support services for small Nebraska libraries, the new OCLC Web-based interlibrary service, netLibrary and online database subscription updates and a look back at twenty-five years of NEBASE history.
Location: Gering Civic Center, Gering, Nebraska
Time: 9:00 am- 4:00 pm MDT
Fee: $20.00
To register: </netserv/nam.html>

MAY 24, 2001:
Location: Nebraska Library Commission
Time: 9:00 am - 12:00 noon
Instructor: Christa Burns

Location: Nebraska Library Commission
Time: 1:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Instructor: Christa Burns

June 5, 2001:
Location: Nebraska Library Commission
Time: 1:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Instructor: Christa Burns

September 20, 2001
NEBASE Annual Meeting - East
Location: The Cornhusker , 333 South 13th Street, Lincoln, Nebraska
Time: 9:00 am - 4:00 pm CDT
Fee: $20.00
To register: Registration will begin July 2, 2001.


N³ (Ncubed) Newsletter is published bimonthly by the Nebraska Library Commission Network Services team. It is the intent of Network Services to promote and support libraries in their cooperative efforts to share resources and information.

Circulation: 600. Published on PC software.
Interim Editor: Rod Wagner.
Word Processing: Jeannette Powell.
ISSN 1082-4383
Send mail to: N³ Editor Nebraska Library Commission, The Atrium, 1200 N St. , Suite 120, Lincoln, NE, 68508
Phone: 402-471-4031 or 800-307-2665
Fax: 402-471-2083
E-mail: Rod Wagner  
Home Page: </netserv/netserv.html>;