Nebraska Library Commission
          Network Services

                September/October 2001  vol.7  no.5 issn 1082-4383



Advisory Council Elections are being held this fall for four new Advisory Council members. The newly elected members will be representing academic and school/special libraries. Ballots for the fall election have been mailed to individual institutions and will be due back the first week of October. Don't forget to vote!

--Shannon White
  Nebraska Library Commission


Do you need an affordable and easy way to catalog your library or media center materials? Is time and training an obstacle? Then consider using OCLC's CatExpress service. Since 1997, more than forty Nebraska libraries have turned to CatExpress for their cataloging needs. Ease of use and savings of staff time are reported as primary benefits of using CatExpress.

The OCLC CatExpress service offers convenient, affordable Web copy cataloging with direct access to the 46 million records in WorldCat (the OCLC Online Union Catalog). Designed for libraries with smaller collections, OCLC CatExpress is easy to use and requires no special training. Since it's a web-based product, you have no software to install or maintain. With OCLC CatExpress, you can:

Used by over 39,000 libraries in 76 countries, WorldCat is the world's most comprehensive database of bibliographic records containing over 46 million records that represent 400 languages and about 800 million location listings. Updated continually, WorldCat contains bibliographic records and holdings information contributed by libraries around the world. Nearly all records you find on WorldCat are complete bibliographic records in MARC format, with LC and other call numbers such as NLM and Dewey. By accessing WorldCat through OCLC CatExpress, you achieve dramatically high hit rates for English-language materials using an easy-to-use Web interface. You can also expand your resource sharing and collection development capabilities by adding your own holdings information to records.

Even with little or no cataloging experience, you'll be able to easily use OCLC CatExpress with minimal training. All you need is a workstation running a current generation web browser (Netscape Navigator 4.0 or higher, or Microsoft Internet Explorer, 4.0 or higher). OCLC CatExpress delivers high-quality catalog records through a series of simple steps:

  1. Log on at <>.
  2. Search for and identify a WorldCat record that matches the item to be cataloged.
  3. Add local data as necessary.
  4. Click on the 'Save to Catalog' button to attach your holdings to the WorldCat record.
  5. Log off.
  6. Download your records via FTP from the OCLC Product Services web site to your local system the next day.
If this sounds interesting to you, then also consider this: the Library Commission would like to build a new group of CatExpress users across Nebraska. As an added incentive, the Commission will pay your first 12-months subscription to CatExpress. In return, libraries will be expected to continue using CatExpress at their own expense and be an Interlibrary Loan Lending library.

Need a little more information? Check out NEBASE's CatExpress pages at: </netserv/nebase/catx.html>.

The Commission would like to hear from interested libraries by November 30. For further information on CatExpress and the Commission's one-year offer, email Christa Burns, or call 402-471-3107 or 800-307-2665.

--Shannon White & Christa Burns
  Nebraska Library Commission


Over the summer it seems like there are a lot of IP addresses being changed all over the state. If you are suddenly being asked for a password for a database that you use to be able to go right into, your IP addresses might have changed. This is a relatively simple problem to fix. First find out what your IP range(s) is by talking with your tech folks. Don't forget if your institution is running a proxy server, firewall or filtering software, you may need to include those IP addresses as well.

Below is the information that you will need to setup or change IP recognition for those databases that the Nebraska Library Commission has purchased for libraries.

Information about changing or setting up IP recognition for other databases can be found at: </netserv/dbip.html>. When you contact the Commission or a vendor about setting up or changing IP recognition it's important that you provide them with as much information as possible. This includes institution name, your name, e-mail address and phone number. Additional information that may be helpful to include is your account number, username and password. Don't forget the most import information, your IP addresses. If your IP ranges have changed please make sure you note whether any old ranges should be removed or if the new IP addresses should be added to what is already on file.

If you subscribe to Wilson OmniFile and Biographies Plus Illustrated, Books In Print, or Kiplinger Business Forecasts through the Nebraska Library Commission you can change or set up IP recognition by emailing Allana Novotny or calling 800-307-2665 or 402-471-6681.

To change or set up IP recognition for FirstSearch you will need to complete the form on OCLC's website located at: <>.

Here is some information that you will need to complete the form:

To change or set up IP recognition for Electric Library you will need to call tech support at 800-247-7198 or 402-471-6681 or e-mail them at: <>. I would strongly encourage you to include your username when contacting Electric Library.

If you have questions about setting up or changing IP recognition or forgot your passwords please don't hesitate to contact me at 800-307-2665 or 402-471-6681 or e-mail: Allana Novotny.

--Allana Novotny
  Nebraska Library Commission


This fall we are offering a variety of database trials. Several of the trials began September 1 and more will be available mid-month and through October. Access information for the trials is available over the TRIAL mailing list or by contacting us directly at the Commission. If you would like to view any of the trials please visit our trial web page at </netserv/trial.html> for information and URLs. We would like to hear feedback from those using the new trial databases. Please feel free to call or email us with your comments, questions, or suggestions.

ALLDATA Sept 1 - Sept 30
ALLDATA provides a variety of automotive repair information including: technical service bulletins, original equipment diagrams, maintenance schedules, and parts and labor estimating.

Polling the Nations Sept 1 - Oct 31
Polling the Nations is an online database of public opinion polls containing the full text of 400,000 questions and responses from 14,000 surveys conducted by 700 polling organizations since 1986 in the U.S. and 80 other countries.

Learn a Sept 1 - Sept 30 Library provides test preparation materials and interactive practice exams, based unofficial tests to help improve scores on academic, civil service, military, and professional licensing and certification exams. Sept 1 - Sept 30 offers live homework help with professional tutors. offers a live demonstration of the product and can be viewed at any time without a password.

Grove's September 15 - October 31

  • The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
    It combines the full text of the 29-volume print edition with search capabilities, one-click cross-referencing, and web-links to musical sites around the world.

  • Grove Art Online The Grove Dictionary of Art Online provides Web access to the entire text of The Dictionary of Art (1996, 34 vols.) with additional new material and updates.

  • Encyclopedia of Life Sciences
    Encyclopedia of Life Sciences Online combines ease of accessibility with continually updated information, providing user-friendly web access to over 3,000 articles across the life sciences.

  • Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics Online
    Offers web access to the complete print version, including over 2,400 entries, as well as continuous updates of material.

  • Scientific American Archive Online
    Offers web access to the complete text and graphics of every issue of Scientific American from 1993 to the present.

    Journal Web-Cite Sept 17 - Oct 28
    Journal Web-Cite is an Internet solution to help libraries manage their electronic journals and aggregator listings. The product provides an alphabetical listing of titles available through your databases as well as statistical tools to use in cost and content comparison. The trial will begin on September 17 so those attending the Managing Journals session of NEBASE can view the product before the meeting. Look for the upcoming announcement and access information on the TRIAL mailing list.

    Poemfinder Sept 17 - Oct 15
    Find over 85,000 full-text poems and 800,000 citations in the Poemfinder database.

    H. W. Wilson--- available later in the fall

  • Biography Reference
  • Standard Reference
  • Readers Guide Retro
  • Short Story Index
  • Essay and General Literature Index

    --Shannon White
      Nebraska Library Commission


    Save 20% off the list price of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians when you subscribe through the Nebraska Library Commission. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians Online offers the content of the 29-volume print edition including The New Grove II and Grove Opera and an in 2002 The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, second edition. For more information on the Grove Music Library on the Web discount visit . For information on the Grove database trial visit </netserv/trial.html>.

    --Shannon White
      Nebraska Library Commission


    Don't forget the following databases provided by the Nebraska Library Commission and the State of Nebraska are available for your patrons to access remotely from home by password:

  • OCLC's FirstSearch
  • Wilson Web OmniFile
  • Kiplinger Business Forecasts
  • Electric Library (public and academic library patrons)

    If your library does not provide remote patron authentication at this time remember that your patrons can still access these databases via password while at home. If you are not sure of your libraries assigned passwords for remote access contact Allana Novotny or Jeannette Powell at 800-307-2665 or email Network Services and we can help you and your patrons get the most from these resources.

    --Shannon White
      Nebraska Library Commission


    Interested in offering ebooks to your patrons? The Nebraska Library Commission is offering access to a second netLibrary collection through November 30th. Sign up for the second collection and receive access to approximately 1,500 ebook titles. Participation is open to all Nebraska libraries, regardless if the library was a participant in the first collection. If your library is interested in participating in the new collection of ebooks you can find netLibrary pricing information at: </netserv/pricing.html>. If you have any questions about netLibrary please contact Jeannette Powell 800-307-2665 or 402-471-7740, e-mail: Jeannette Powell.

    --Shannon White
      Nebraska Library Commission


    The NEBASE Advisory Council put together an assessment survey to help determine needs and satisfaction of NEBASE members in terms of OCLC training, including topics offered, times, dates, length of class, and location, as well as other Network Services training opportunities. We hope you will take the time to fill out the survey to help us identify ways that we can better serve our NEBASE members and plan for the future. The survey can be found at </netserv/nebase/survey.html>.

    --Shannon White
      Nebraska Library Commission


    The Nebraska Library Commission is pleased to announce that Brodart has renewed the 15% discount offered to Nebraska Libraries for Library Supplies and Furnishings. This offer will be effective through June 30, 2002. The discount is based on Brodart's current prices in the full-line Supplies and Furnishings catalog.

    For more details on this offer and information on other discount offers, please see </netserv/discount.aspx>.


    NEBASE is offering a group discount for all Nebraska librarians who attend the Internet Librarian 2001 Conference. The conference is planned for November 6-8 at the Pasadena Conference & Exhibition Center in Pasadena, CA. The discounted conference fee is $199 for the three-day event, nearly a 40% savings. Additional discounts for the Internet@Schools conference are also offered. To receive the discount, registrations must be sent to the Nebraska Library Commission by September 17. For more information see the Library Commission Web site, </netserv/confdiscounts.html>.

    --Shannon White
      Nebraska Library Commission


    OCLC will discontinue support for Windows 95 on December 31, 2001, the same date that Microsoft discontinues support. OCLC expects that applications will continue to work; however, no testing will be completed and no support will be offered for Windows 95 after this date. OCLC expects to end support for Windows 98 and Windows NT 4.0 on June 30, 2003, the date that Microsoft ends support. See the OCLC Access Suite Applications System Requirements document on the OCLC web site at <> for details.

    --David Whitehair
      OCLC Metadata Services


    On Sunday, July 29, 2001, CatExpress was successfully moved into the CORC environment. The new administrative module allows users to record default information for display and editing options. This installation also enhances displays and reduces steps when cataloging items.

    See the following OCLC News Announcements for more information:

    Please contact NEBASE if you have any problems, questions, concerns, or suggestions about the move of CatExpress into the CORC system.

    --Christa Burns
      Nebraska Library Commission


    BasicBIOSIS will be the OCLC FirstSearch Featured Database for September. The database will be available for searching at no charge from the FirstSearch web site at <> on Saturday, September 1, 2001.

    BasicBIOSIS indexes the basic core of life science journals most frequently held by college and university libraries, plus serial books, book chapters, and popular science titles.

    BasicBIOSIS is a rolling file, so it always holds the most recent four years' worth of records, assuring relevant, current information.

    BasicBIOSIS's high quality, professional indexing facilitates precise searching, and abstracts help users determine the relevancy of each citation.

    A Quick Reference card for BasicBIOSIS on FirstSearch is available on the BIOSIS web site at <>.

    Please contact NEBASE or OCLC Support with questions.



    OCLC will soon release the first of many planned enhancements to the member-built WorldCat database of over 46 million records on the OCLC FirstSearch service. These enhancements represent the first phase of changes outlined in OCLC's global strategy and, like many elements of that strategy, are in response to requests from FirstSearch users. The initial enhancements to WorldCat will include format-specific icons in search and results screens, an expanded language limiter, a tool to identify OCLC symbols for known libraries and the addition of evaluative content to records for some recent publications.

    Format-Specific Icons and Expanded Format Labels
    OCLC is enhancing the FirstSearch interface for WorldCat to include icons representing document types in WorldCat, and to include information about document subtypes in brief records displays. The new format-specific icons will display on WorldCat search screens with checkboxes for limiting searches by document type, in the brief records in WorldCat results lists to indicate the document types of the retrieved material, and in the full record displays. By highlighting more format-level detail, the WorldCat database in FirstSearch will increase visibility of the vast amounts of cataloging that has been contributed by OCLC member libraries for more than 30 years.

    Document-type icons will be added to WorldCat displays for Books, Serial Publications, Visual Materials, Computer Files, Sound Recordings, Archival Materials, Musical Scores, and Maps. Icons that represent subtypes within primary document types will be included for DVD/CD, LP, VHS tape, large print, cassette tape, Braille, film, and microform.

    OCLC is also adding labels for document subtypes such as language and audience to WorldCat brief record displays. This information is based on fixed field values within MARC records in WorldCat. Examples of this additional document subtype information are terms such as "dissertation," "spoken recording," "newspaper," "folk music," and "globe."

    The additional document type information will also permit users to easily limit search results sets of fewer than 100,000 records by document type through the use of tabs on results screens.

    Expanded Language Limiter
    In response to user requests, OCLC will add the capability to expand the list of languages available for use in limiting WorldCat searches from the current list of the 30 most common in WorldCat to the approximately 400 languages represented in the database.

    Link To OCLC Participating Insitutions Resource
    OCLC will add a link to WorldCat search screens to enable users to identify OCLC codes of libraries to which they wish to limit searches. A "Find codes" link next to the Limit by Library Code search box on the Advanced and Expert search screens will open a window that will display the OCLC Participating Institutions Search screen from which individual library information can be located.

    Evaluative Content
    OCLC will add evaluative content to WorldCat records for current popular material. The initial content to be added will include tables of contents, cover art, book summaries, and notes about authors, provided by Ingram Library Services. The Ingram content includes 500,000+ cover images, 250,000+ book summaries, and author notes from publisher catalogs and 76,000+ tables of contents.

    All of the WorldCat enhancements described in this message will display automatically to users of WorldCat on the FirstSearch Web interface. The new features will be available at no additional charge.

    OCLC will soon add previews of these new screen displays to the OCLC Web site. Watch the NEBASE-L list for the URL of the new screen displays.

    --OCLC [edited]


    H.W. Wilson's Essay and General Literature Index, a unique database of information on thousands of essays compiled in anthologies and collections, is now available on the OCLC FirstSearch service. This database focuses on the humanities and social sciences, with subject coverage ranging from economics, political science and history to criticism of literary works, drama and film. Currently delivering information on approximately 59,370 essays from 4,855 collections, Essay and General Literature Index encourages greater use of library collections by providing easy access to the wealth of literature often hidden in compilation works.

    Essay and General Literature Index is available via both the per-search and subscription access options. The database is now available with its access turned ON in all active per-search FirstSearch accounts.

    With the addition of Essay and General Literature Index, 16 H.W. Wilson databases are now available on the FirstSearch service.

    Please contact NEBASE or OCLC User and Network Support (800-848-5800 or <>) with questions about the OCLC FirstSearch service.

    --OCLC Reference


    Access to the following H.W. Wilson databases on the OCLC FirstSearch service is scheduled to change October 14, 2001: Applied Science & Technology Abstracts, Art Abstracts, Education Abstracts, General Science Abstracts, Humanities Abstracts, and Social Sciences Abstracts. Abstracts will become available only in the subscription versions of these databases. The names of the per-search versions of the databases will change to Applied Science & Technology Index, Art Index, Education Index, General Science Index, Humanities Index, and Social Sciences Index, respectively.

    Per-search users will continue to have access to a wide variety of databases, from Wilson as well as other database producers, with links to full text if their libraries have implemented them. Libraries that commit to subscriptions will have access to the added information provided by abstracts. New subscribers to any of the six databases affected by this change may take advantage of a 20% discount in the one-year subscription price for subscriptions starting by January 1, 2002.

    Libraries that wish to continue per-search access to these databases via WebScript or IP address recognition will need to adjust their scripts to include the new short names for the per-search databases. The new short names for these per-search databases are as follows:



    OCLC FirstSearch service users may now expand access to online journal content by purchasing articles from electronic journals in the OCLC FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online collection on a per-article basis. Over 1,100 journals from 21 publishers are now available, and the full complement of approximately 2,500 journals from 42 participating publishers will be available for purchase on an individual basis in the coming weeks.

    FirstSearch administrators control per-article purchase of content from Electronic Collections Online journals in the FirstSearch administrative module. To allow your patrons to purchase articles through the FirstSearch database individual libraries must activate the feature in their FirstSearch administrative module. If you do not want users to have the capability to purchase individual articles, leave the administrative module setting to default for this feature. When left in the default setting your users do not have the option to purchase articles through the new service. FirstSearch administrators may enable individual article purchase on a journal-by-journal basis, and may choose to set an optional per-article maximum price for all of their purchases. In addition, libraries that wish to budget for these article purchases may set a monthly maximum amount for their expenditures. Once a library reaches its monthly maximum, links to full text articles available in this way will no longer display next to citations in FirstSearch result sets.

    The per-article purchase of electronic journal articles will be available from databases throughout the FirstSearch service which link to Electronic Collections Online content. This means that searches in databases such as ERIC, MEDLINE or PsycINFO may retrieve citations that include links to available full-image articles from Electronic Collections Online journals. Libraries that have enabled per-article purchase will be billed monthly for their purchases. Please be aware that the Nebraska Library Commission does not subsidize the purchase of articles through the per-article purchase feature. Individual libraries are responsible for charges associated with viewing these articles and these fees will be included in monthly invoices sent to your library.

    Individual journal publishers set prices for articles in their journals. These prices display in the FirstSearch administrative module to FirstSearch administrators who enable access to this content.

    OCLC FirstSearch Usage Statistics <> will report journal-level monthly totals of the number of articles purchased and the total expenditure for each journal title.

    The OCLC FirstSearch Administrative Module Reference Guide at <> has been revised to include information about managing the new Per-Article Purchase administrative option. Go to the "Turn on and customize per-article purchase" section of this guide for detailed instructions about per-article purchase. General information is also available in the FirstSearch documentation at <>.

    Please contact NEBASE or OCLC User and Network Support (800-848-5800 or <>) with questions about the OCLC FirstSearch service.

    --Christa Burns
      Nebraska Library Commission


    Version 2.00 of the OCLC CatME for Windows software will be released in October or November 2001. This version will include several enhancements, including support for NACO functionality for creating Name-Authority records. Visit the CatME home page at <> for more information about the upcoming version of CatME. Select Upcoming CatME changes for an updated list of the coming enhancements.

    --David Whitehair
      OCLC Metadata Services


    OCLC is pleased to announce a new web page designed to give users information on our new cataloging and metadata services migration timeline. OCLC is currently working on a new, single interface that will offer the benefits of a web browser and the versatility of Windows-based software. Most cataloging will be completed using your web browser, while tasks not fully or efficiently accomplished using a browser will be completed using an optional Windows-based set of tools. A visit to this web page at <>, will answer questions such as:

    There is a guide to migration brochure, frequently asked questions section, and more information available for you to use. This page will be updated as new information is available, so be sure to use the NetMind feature on the page by entering your email address to receive a notice when updates are posted.



    On August 26 several fixes and numerous Pathfinder enhancements were implemented into CORC <>. For more information please refer to updated CORC online documentation (in PDF format) available via the OCLC Web Site at:<> or for context-specific information while using CORC, click Help on the header bar (top right corner of any CORC screen). Pathfinder toolset provides the ability to customize, clone, create, and edit subject oriented lists of electronic resources and incorporate existing RC records. Also, remember that charges associated with CORC Pathfinder activities (search, export, edit, create) are temporarily suspended- thus there is no cost to your institution to try the toolset or search the Pathfinders Database.

    Please note the following Pathfinder Enhancements that were implemented:

    1. The text of a Pathfinder Action has changed to clarify its meaning. When requesting that CORC match and incorporate existing RC records for URLs that appear in the Pathfinder the text of that action has changed to Link URLs to RC records. This replaces previous text for the same action: MakeCorcLinks.

    1.2 When in the Pathfinder edit mode view both the RC Title and RC Record numbers for records embedded. After the request that CORC match and incorporate existing Resource Catalog records into a pathfinder [through the action of Link URLs to RC Records] the system displays the record Title and RC record number in that order.

    1.3 New RC Save File Status option: Pathfinder
    When adding the Pathfinder to the Pathfinder database (similar action to adding a bib record to the Resource Catalog), you may choose for CORC to automatically create an RC record for the Pathfinder and place it in your institution's RC save file until staff can add it to CORC. CORC assigns the status of Pathfinder to the newly created RC record.

    1.4 In the Pathfinders Search Results display users may now sort records by Title or by Date (most recent to least recent).

    2. CatExpress edit/displayviews, Dublin Core mappings, Resource Catalog Constant Data, searching and metadata shortcuts features were augmented.

    Web Document Digital Archive project
    Additionally CORC successfully installed Phase 1 functionality of the Web Document Digital Archive project. Access at this time is available only to pilot participants. Refer to "OCLC collaborates to develop digital archive of web documents," <> or contact Pam Kircher <> or Susan Westberg <> for more information.

    Note: Installation of NACO functionality in CORC has been delayed from August to September. Please note that additional information about the NACO installation will be forthcoming.

    --Sandy McIntyre Colby
      OCLC Metadata Services


    CORC is optimized for the description of electronic resources, such as web sites, web accessible documents, digitized material, and in fact for any browser accessible item. It can also be used by members for whom a traditional MARC record is not appropriate and a Dublin Core record is appropriate.

    Current cataloging members can use their current cataloging authorizations to access the CORC service. There is no special order form or sign-up process to use CORC.

    CORC became an additional cataloging service in July 2000. After that, all OCLC Cataloging authorizations, with the exception of CatExpress program and Cataloging Agent authorizations, have automatic access to CORC functions at the same default level as they have in the current service. Cataloging authorizations added after July 2000 automatically can use the OCLC Cataloging system and CORC. Libraries that need additional authorizations for staff who are using CORC should use the OCLC Access and Authorization form and request cataloging authorizations that will work on both systems.

    OCLC recommends that users continue to catalog traditional materials using the existing full format interfaces, such as CatME, CatExpress, Passport for Windows, CJK, and Arabic Software until the new Cataloging and Metadata Services interface is available in July 2002.

    --Bill Carney [edited]
    OCLC Metadata Services


    The rules that govern who can replace records and which records they can replace are the same in CORC as they are in the OCLC Cataloging Service. You may correct a record that you entered so long as no one else has added holdings.

    In some cases, however, you can always replace a record, even if someone else has added holdings. Minimal level records can always be replaced by a full cataloging user. Also, some data, such as contents notes and URLs can be changed, even if the record is coded as full.

    The description of the replace capabilities can be found in OCLC Cataloging Service User Guide, 3d ed. <> chapter 4.

    --Rich Greene
      OCLC Metadata Standards


    The Decimal Classification Editorial Policy Committee (EPC) held its 116th meeting May 9-11 at the Library of Congress. New committee members included Mary Carroll, National Library of Canada, and Jessica MacPhail, Racine (Wisconsin) Public Library. It was also the first meeting at which Lucy Evans, British Library, served as vice-chair.

    A key outcome of the meeting was the decision to solicit libraries to test certain updates of the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system in advance of final deployment. "This 'real-world' testing will provide critical feedback and validation in advance of final incorporation in the DDC," said Joan S. Mitchell, editor in chief, Dewey Decimal Classification, and executive director, OCLC Forest Press. Testing will begin with 200 Religion and 300-307 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology.

    EPC approved various exhibits for inclusion in DDC Edition 22: 020 Library and Information sciences; 070 Journalism; 150 Psychology; 370 Education; 621 Applied physics; 624 Civil engineering; 629.89 Computer control; and 650 Management. EPC also approved modifications or updates to areas already approved in principle, including: 200 Religion; 300-307 Social sciences, sociology, and anthropology; 330 Economics; 340 Law; 381 Commerce; and 610 Medicine. Elements of Table 5 (Ethnic and National Groups) and Table 6 (Languages) were discussed, and the new caption for Table 5 was approved. In addition, EPC approved several exhibits for Abridged Edition 14: 330 Economics; 350 Public administration and military science; 360 Social problems and social services; 390 Customs, etiquette, and folklore; and 551.46-47 Oceanography.

    Outside reviewers' responses to proposed changes to 510 Mathematics prompted much discussion; a revised draft will be presented at the next EPC meeting, which will be held Dec. 3-5, at the Library of Congress.

    The Decimal Classification Editorial Policy Committee is a joint committee of OCLC Forest Press and the American Library Association. The committee works with the editors of the Dewey Decimal Classification system and advises OCLC Forest Press on matters relating to the general development of the classification. The committee's 10 members include public, special, and academic librarians and library educators.



    In addition to the validation changes outlined for bibliographic records described in Technical Bulletin 244, OCLC-MARC Format Update 2001, some validation changes were made in July to invalidate some elements as announced in previous MARC updates and for changes related to the clean up of known errors in bibliographic records in WorldCat.

    Invalid Elements
    The following elements will be made invalid in accord with previous MARC update documentation. All occurrences have been removed from WorldCat.

    Changes Related to Database Clean Up --Rich Greene
      OCLC Metadata Standards


    A revised Searching WorldCat Reference Card is available on the OCLC web at <> and also in print.

    The Reference Card gives:

    Please order no-charge copies from NEBASE or from OCLC at <>. Searching for Bibliographic Records Quick Reference (REF2078) is now obsolete. Please discard copies.

    --Lois Yoakam
      OCLC Quality Assurance


    OCLC Technical Bulletins (TBs) announce significant changes to OCLC-MARC records and the Online System. They are issued in print, announced through Techbul-L (an electronic discussion list maintained by OCLC) and on the OCLC web. Minor changes are announced in Bits & Pieces, OCLC system news, and logon messages.

    After installation we revise Bibliographic Formats on the web at <>. Currently, the web version is more up-to-date than the print version. To track changes in the web version, check the Revision History at the beginning of the document.

    We know that many members use printed copies. The third edition of Bibliographic Formats is planned for late 2001 and will be issued in print and on the web.

    Please use the web version of Bib Formats for current information about the fields. If you do not have web access, please use the printed edition together with these technical bulletins:

    --Lois Yoakam
      OCLC Quality Assurance Division


    Review this new Frequently Asked Questions to learn more about the OCLC Batchloading service, which supports library resource sharing by automatically processing your bibliographic records and setting your holdings offline in WorldCat, the OCLC Online Union Catalog.


    For general information explaining OCLC's Batchloading Service, see the Batchload Product Information Sheet:

    --Christa Burns
      Nebraska Library Commission


    Is your OPAC on the World Wide Web? Why not add the URL to your Name Address Directory record? It can go in COMMUN2, subfield w. Make it fun and easy for your ILL partners to find your catalog on the web!

    To view your NAD record, type : xxx (with "xxx" being your library's OCLC symbol) at the home position. Remember, you must be logged on with a full-level authorization for any OCLC service (cataloging, ILL, union listing) to be able to make any changes to your record.

    See the Name Address Directory Reference Card at <> for detailed instructions on changing your NAD record.

    --Christa Burns
      Nebraska Library Commission


    The British Library Document Supply Centre (BLDSC) has begun to use the OCLC Interlibrary Loan Fee Management (IFM) service.

    IFM reduces library staff time allocated to processing checks and invoices when charging for interlibrary loan services.

    "IFM has been tremendously successful in helping OCLC libraries to manage the costs of interlibrary loan," said Tony Melvyn, OCLC senior consulting product support specialist. "The more libraries that use it, the better we can facilitate cost control for all.

    "As a large net-lender, BLDSC will significantly decrease its expenses by using this service," Mr. Melvyn said. "With IFM, a library can take advantage of a standard billing procedure that lessens the cost of billing and decreases the amount of paperwork."

    OCLC developed this fee management system to help reduce the administrative costs for libraries that charge or pay other libraries for interlibrary loans. IFM was introduced in April 1995, and more than 1,450 libraries now use the service. When the IFM service is activated, the borrowing library receives a debit and the lender is issued a credit. OCLC then reconciles debits and credits on a monthly basis and provides credits to the lenders and invoices to the borrowers.

    Participating institutions transferred over $7.3 million in lending fees from July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001 and saved $20.4 million in processing and invoicing fees over the past year using IFM.

    The British Library Document Supply Centre ranks as the 17th largest supplier of documents out of the 6,600 OCLC ILL libraries. The OCLC Interlibrary Loan System was activated in 1979.

    For many years, the British Library has worked closely with OCLC and with the OCLC-affiliated U.S. regional networks to facilitate interlibrary lending and document ordering from the British Library, both through the OCLC Interlibrary Loan and OCLC FirstSearch services.

    The British Library, the national library of the United Kingdom, cares for more than 150 million items, including manuscripts, printed materials, sound recordings, images and digital materials. Each year, 8 million items are made available to users, and 3 million items enter the collections.

    BLDSC holds the largest literature collection in the world dedicated solely to document delivery. Based in Boston Spa, England, the British Library Document Supply Centre also has a U.S. Service Centre in Saluda, Virginia. (telephone: 800-932-3575, e-mail: <bl.usa.chenoweth@blue>). BLDSC is the world's largest source of information in every field of scientific, technical, medical and human knowledge devoted to interlibrary loan and document supply. It receives over 4 million orders a year from 20,000 customers worldwide. Loans and copies are supplied from a collection comprising over 260,000 journal titles in virtually all languages and subjects, 3 million books, 4 million reports, 400,000 conference proceedings and 500,000 doctoral theses. Standard orders are normally processed within 48 hours; rush orders within two hours.

    --[OCLC, edited]


    This month's (July) featured participant in the OCLC ILL Document Supplier Program is the Center for Research Libraries. The following article details its collections along with some ILL policies.

    The Center for Research Libraries provides loans primarily to member institutions. It loans materials to nonmembers for a fee. The Center for Research Libraries collects and stores infrequently used library research materials. The collection consists of more than 5 million items in many languages and subjects. Includes newspapers and periodicals, state documents, Chinese mainland publications, Russian Academy of Sciences Serials and Monographs, IGY meteorological records, foreign doctoral dissertations, and textbooks.

    Holdings can be found in WorldCat (the OCLC Online Union Catalog).

    For complete lending polices and workform instructions, please see Name-Address Directory record NACN :2895, or contact Center for Research Libraries or your OCLC regional service provider.

    Center for Research Libraries
    6050 South Kenwood Avenue
    Chicago, IL 60637
    Telephone: +773-955-4545
    Fax: +773-955-4339
    URL: <>

    --Mark Tullos   OCLC Reference and Resource Sharing


    N³ (Ncubed) Newsletter is published bimonthly by the Nebraska Library Commission Network Services team. It is the intent of Network Services to promote and support libraries in their cooperative efforts to share resources and information.

    Circulation: 600. Published on PC software.
    Editor: Shannon White.
    Word Processing: Jeannette Powell.
    ISSN 1082-4383
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