Nebraska Library Commission
          Network Services

                september/october 1997 vol.3 no.5 issn 1082-4383

ACLU Supports Librarians' Efforts
Intellectual Freedom Resources
Libraries Online! Update
Diana Boone Leaves NEBASE
and more!

N3 (Ncubed) Newsletter is published bimonthly by the Nebraska Library Commission Network Services team. It is the intent of Network Services to promote and support libraries in their cooperative efforts to share resources and information.

Circulation: 500. Published on PC software. Editor: Jo Budler. Word Processing: Jeannette Powell. Design and Production: Joanne Corson. ISSN 1082-4383

Send mail to:
N3 Editor
Nebraska Library Commission
The Atrium, 1200 N St. Suite 120
Lincoln, NE, 68508
Phone: 402-471-4031 or 800-307-2665
Fax: 402-471-2083
E-mail: [obsolete]
Home Page: /netserv/netserv.html


The 1997 NEBASE Annual Meeting was held on June 20 at the Center for Continuing Education on the East Campus of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. One hundred and sixteen librarians from across the state listened as Craig Summerhill from the Coalition for Network Information gave the morning's keynote address. Craig's presentation was an informational overview of the Internet 2: What it is, Where we are, Where it's going. The development of an entirely new research network is a long process and involves a great number of people.

Program highlights included: an update of the Federal Telecommunications Act by Rod Wagner, Director of the Nebraska Library Commission; information about the future options with OCLC access methods by Diana Boone, OCLC Member Services Coordinator; and an introduction of new products and services from OCLC presented by Teresa Mueller, Regional OCLC Sales Representative.

In the afternoon, participants chose between three breakout sessions: Update and Question and Answer Session on the Nebraska Library Commission FirstSearch group purchase for fiscal year 1997/1998 (Jo Budler, NEBASE Director); Update on the Batchload Project which is adding holdings information from 31 selective users to the OCLC OLUC (Diana Boone, OCLC Member Services Coordinator); and Cataloging of Electronic Resources (Sue Ann Lewandowski, Assistant Professor and Cataloging Librarian from Love Library at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln).

-Jo Budler
Nebraska Library Commission


The Nebraska Library Commission has arranged for another trial of databases for the period of time between September 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997. The vendors who will be participating in this trial are: OVID, NEWSBANK, Electric Library, Encyclopedia Americana, Encyclopedia Britannica, and IAC. Not all vendors' databases will be available for the entire trial period. For details on databases, availability and registration information, please consult the Library Commission Home Page at /netserv/trial.html .

-Jo Budler
Nebraska Library Commission


"ACLU Nebraska, an organization with a diverse membership, is committed to the protection of civil liberties of all persons," reads the ACLU Nebraska's mission statement. Arguably, the most sacred of our liberties is the First Amendment's prohibition on government censoring speech and expression. With the mission of providing citizens with diverse information and enlightenment, libraries obviously should be free from government censorship schemes, and every effort should be made to protect libraries and librarians from such schemes.

This is usually where groups like the American Civil Liberties Union come in. Often, our elected officials ignore the First Amendment in the name of protecting citizens from "indecent" or "offensive" material. Books like Tarzan of the Apes and The Catcher in the Rye have been removed from library shelves by politicians after being deemed to be "offensive." In response to many of these government censorship efforts, ACLU affiliates around the country have stepped in to protect librarians who have taken issue with the orders of censor happy politicians, and more importantly, to protect the sacredness of the First Amendment.

The American Civil Liberties Union was founded 76 years ago in New York by Roger Baldwin, with a mission of promoting and protecting civil liberties: those individual rights given to us by our founding fathers. Baldwin probably would not recognize the structure of today's ACLU, with affiliate offices in each state, but certainly would recognize the organization's mission, which has not changed since Baldwin's days.

Thirty-one years ago, an ACLU office opened in Nebraska. Today, ACLU Nebraska, with a staff of three and an army of volunteers, protects Nebraskans' rights through litigation, legislation, and public education. Abolition of the death penalty, gay and lesbian rights, reproductive freedom, and AIDS discrimination are among the topics tackled by ACLU Nebraska over the past year, indicating ACLU Nebraska's willingness to take on unpopular causes to protect the Constitution.

Unfortunately, fighting against censorship has somehow become just as unpopular in some areas of the country. The recent court battle over the Communications Decency Act illustrates how Americans are willing to allow government to act as censors. Many communities around the nation are facing a new Internet censorship effort that has popular support: filters on library Internet terminals. In many of these instances, the ACLU has once again come to the aid of librarians and the First Amendment to stand against these populists censorship efforts.

Here in Nebraska, the ACLU, when called upon by librarians or citizens, will seek to educate the politicians on why these filters violate the First Amendment. ACLU Nebraska invites librarians and concerned citizens to contact our office with civil liberties complaints and questions, like those surrounding the library terminal filtering effort being undertaken by communities across Nebraska. Contact ACLU Nebraska at 402-476-8091 or e-mail: NCLU@aol. com. For additional information on ACLU Nebraska, visit our Web site at

-Matt LeMieux
Executive Director ACLU Nebraska



Many libraries across the state are facing, or are about to face, challenges to their policies and procedures regarding access to the Internet. These challenges focus primarily on children's access to information on the Internet but often reach into adult access as well. Even though a panel of federal judges and the United States Supreme Court have stated that each family, not the government, should decide what is appropriate for their children, members of the community may believe the librarian should filter or censor Internet information. For librarians, the issues and discussion surrounding this issue are complex. The key to dealing with this issue, as a librarian, is to be informed and stay informed about developments in the area of intellectual freedom. Here is a list of organizations and contacts who can help you stay informed.

Nebraska Library Commission
Contact: 800-307-2665

Nebraska Library Association
Contact: Sharon Mason, President at 308-865-8535

The Nebraska Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee
Contact: Donna Jurnea, Chair at 402-826-8565

Regional Library Systems

American Library Association (ALA)

ALA Office for Information Technology Policy
Contact: 202-628-8421 or 800-941-8478

ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom
Contact: 312-280-4227 or 800-545-2433

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

ACLU Nebraska
Contact: 402-476-8091

Electronic Frontier Foundation

Freedom Forum First Amendment Center

There are also several listservs or discussion groups that can help you stay informed about intellectual freedom and library issues.
Listname: alaoif
Focus: ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom List
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to LISTPROC@ALA.ORG
Leave the subject line blank
In the body of the note type subscribe [listname] [YourFirstName] [YourLastName]
Example: subscribe alaoif Jane Doe

Listname: alsc-l
Focus: Association for Library Service to Children
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to LISTPROC@ALA.ORG
Leave the subject line blank
In the body of the note type subscribe [listname] [YourFirstName] [YourLastName] Example: subscribe alsc-l Jane Doe

Listname: ifaction
Focus: Intellectual Freedom Action News
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to LISTPROC@ALA.ORG
Leave the subject line blank
In the body of the note type subscribe [listname] [YourFirstName] [YourLastName]
Example: subscribe ifaction Jane Doe

Listname: ifcdraft
Focus: Intellectual Freedom Committee Draft Documents
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to LISTPROC@ALA.ORG
Leave the subject line blank
In the body of the note type subscribe [listname] [YourFirstName] [YourLastName]
Example: subscribe ifcdraft Jane Doe

Listname: slms21st
Focus: School Library Media Specialists in the 21st Century
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to LISTPROC@ALA.ORG
Leave the subject line blank
In the body of the note type subscribe [listname] [YourFirstName] [YourLastName]
Example: subscribe slms21st Jane Doe

Listname: fight-censorship
Focus: Comprehensive information about censorship with discussions between librarians, free speech activists, censorware vendors, and journalist
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to
In the body of the note type subscribe fight-censorship

Listname: web4lib
Focus: Issues relating to the creation and management of library-based web services
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to
In the body of the note type subscribe web4lib [YourFirstName] [YourLastName]
Example: subscribe web4lib Jane Doe

Listname: libint
Focus: Nebraska libraries using the Internet and offering Internet service
To subscribe: Send an e-mail message to [obsolete]
In the body of the note type subscribe libint [YourFirstName] [YourLastName]
Example: subscribe libint Jane Doe

-Annie Sternburg
Nebraska Library Commission


To better understand the issues surrounding filtering Internet information and to learn more about how filters work, several Commission staff tested Internet filtering software. We tested NetNanny®, Cybersitter™ by Solid Oak Software, CyberPatrol by Microsystems Software, SurfWatch by Spyglass and the built-in Content Advisor in Microsoft's Internet Explorer. Here is what we found out about filtering software:

1. Filters Block Educational and Informational Sites
Library users and librarians look up information on topics that might be considered "inappropriate" by blocking software standards. For example, one of the categories that CyberPatrol blocks is sex education. SurfWatch blocks sites containing information about gambling and access to a site called "Wellness Web Breast Cancer Center." CyberSitter doesn't even allow the word "sex" to show up on the screen. If a patron was looking up information about sexually transmitted diseases, CyberSitter would block their access. Microsoft's Content Advisor, when set to only access sites that are rated, won't even connect to a search engine like Yahoo or Excite therefore making it impossible for a patron or librarian to search any topic on the Internet. And all the filters block access to Nebraska Statutes that contain the word sex.

2. Filters Aren't Foolproof
If you are promoting or advertising "porn free" or "safe" Internet access in your library because you have installed filters, you and your patrons may be surprised. NetNanny blocks specific sites, some of which contain adult content. The list of sites, which is updated every two weeks is often outdated and allows full access to sites some people might find objectionable. The Content Advisor in Microsoft's Internet Explorer actually downloads all the information you access on the Internet to your harddrive before it decides to block or not to block. If you or your patrons know how to access files in the cache, the information can be pulled up on the screen very easily. The legal ramifications of promoting or advertising a "safe" environment aren't clear yet. Some attorneys say that a library that attempts to block and fails is not liable for any "harm" because they were making a good faith effort. Other attorneys say that a library may be liable for any harm done to a person who accesses offensive information, because the library proclaimed it to be "safe." The issues will probably be ironed out in the courts, but it is important to know that no filter is foolproof.

3. Filters Were Not Designed For Library Use
Filtering software was intended, first and foremost, for use by parents in their homes. Parents have every right to decide what is appropriate or inappropriate for their children and for themselves. A library is a public gathering place. No one person or company can decide for an entire community what is or is not appropriate for others. Blocking educational and informational sites in a library, which filters do, is much like tearing pages out of encyclopedias or burning books or weeding the "offensive" National Geographics because one person or group thinks the community as a whole doesn't need that information.

4. Filters Can Effect Other Applications and The Computer's Operating System
Filtering software doesn't always just filter the Internet. NetNanny will complain if a word processing file has offensive words in it. So if a patron was writing a school report on a public access computer about Nazi Germany or tattoos it is very likely their report will be blocked. SurfWatch embeds itself throughout the file structure of a computer. You are advised to use the uninstall program to remove SurfWatch and its files because any attempt to delete SurfWatch files could effect the operating system. As an example of a filter interfering with the operating system, our tester experienced frequent crashes because of file incompatibilities with SurfWatch.

The Nebraska Library Commission does not endorse the use of filtering software. Our testing has reinforced our belief that filters belong in the home and are ineffective in libraries.

-Nebraska Library Commission Staff


The delivery of the Libraries Online! computer is almost complete. Libraries Online! is a grant sponsored by Microsoft, ALA and the Technology Resource Institute. The grant allowed the Library Commission to award 15 computer setups to rural libraries. Each of the 15 grant recipients received a computer, printer, and CD-ROM changer worth about $3,800 and approximately $2,700 worth of Microsoft software. All of the computers will be hooked up to the Internet providing the communities with access to the World Wide Web. During May and June I delivered a majority of the computers and conducted training for the librarians and staff. Everyone that I met with was very excited to receive the computer and eager to be trained.

The computers have been well received by the communities. A number of libraries have already reported high usage rates. Patrons of all ages have used the computers to access the World Wide Web along with running the numerous pieces of software. Access to the World Wide Web has also allowed the librarians to find information for patrons on a variety of different subjects including: the value of a used van, information about a manic depression support group, medical information and Nebraska Legislative information.

The Libraries Online! grant has been very successful. The 15 communities that received the grant are: Ainsworth, Ashland, Bassett, Ceresco, Clay Center, Curtis, Gordon, Macey, Milford, Morrill, Orchard, Santee, Tilden, Wilber, and Winnebago. More information about the grant can be found on the Library Commission Home Page, /netserv/lol.html.

-Allana Novotny
Nebraska Library Commission



The OCLC FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online service is now available to OCLC member libraries.

"Electronic Collections Online gives libraries the quality and perpetual access they have always received with print subscriptions coupled with the added searching power and space savings of electronic documents," said John Barnes, director, Electronic Journals, OCLC. "Users can quickly search across whole collections of journals for the information they need. The service is designed to assist libraries in continuing their evolution to online electronic information sources."

OCLC developed Electronic Collections Online to support the efforts of libraries and consortia to acquire, circulate, manage and archive large collections of electronic academic and professional journals on the Web. The service enables libraries to subscribe to large collections of academic journals, from many publishers and disciplines, and access them remotely through a single Web interface that supports cross-journal searching and extensive browsing. Libraries choose the journals they want and subscribe to them through the individual publishers or through participating subscription agents. Additionally, Electronic Collections Online provides usage statistics at the journal level to help with selection decisions, and an archiving solution that ensures perpetual access for a library to its collection of journals, even if that library discontinues its subscription for subsequent issues.

Abstracts and indexes on the new service are available in HyperText Markup Language (HTML). Full-text articles are currently available in Portable Document Format (PDF) or, in some cases, HTML. OCLC intends to support additional data formats later in 1997.

OCLC launched the service with 100 journals available and is adding more titles as they become available from the 16 participating publishers. Approximately 500 titles are scheduled to be available by the end of 1997. A complete list of publishers and journals, as well as additional information, is available on the service's Web site

NEBASE libraries may order the service by establishing an access account with NEBASE, then ordering journals through the individual publishers or through one of six participating subscription agents: Blackwell's, DA Information Services, EBSCO Information Services, the Faxon Company, HARRASSOWITZ, and Swets & Zeitlinger.

For more information, contact Jeannette Powell, 402-471-7740 or 800-307-2665, e-mail Jeannette Powell . OCLC expects to add more subscription agents, publishers and journals in the coming months.

Electronic Collections Online is designed to accommodate access and storage of thousands of titles. In future releases, OCLC plans to fully integrate Electronic Collections Online with the OCLC FirstSearch service.

[OCLC, edited]


Thirty-four journals were added to the OCLC FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online service on August 10. They included 22 journals from Blackwell Publishers, one of the largest specialist publishers in the social sciences and humanities in the world, and 12 more titles from Blackwell Science, a leading publisher in science, technology and medicine. The full text of all 34 titles are available in PDF (Portable Document Format).

The addition of the 34 new titles brings the total number of journals available through Electronic Collections Online to 134. In total, 16 publishers have agreed to make more than 500 journals available through Electronic Collections Online. For a list of journals available through FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online, contact Jeannette Powell, 402-471-7740 or 800-307-2665, e-mail: Jeannette Powell .

[OCLC, edited]


Here is an update on the vendors who are creating label stock for laser printers for the OCLC formats (SL4, SLB, SL6, SP1, SP2). This stock is compatible with CatCD for Windows, and it will be compatible with CatME for Windows and the OCLC Cataloging Label Program.

Included in their 1997 catalog (page 72)
SL4/SLB-order number 55 395 020
SL6-order number 55 395 021
SP1/SP2-order number 55 395 022

Included in their 1997 catalog (page 54)
SL4/SLB-order number 9001
SL6-order number 9002
SP1/SP2-order number 9003

Vernon-1-800-878-0253 Included in their 1996-1997 catalog (page 17) SP1/SP2-order number 7839

The following two are NOT in the catalog. Information is available on the Vernon Web site at They will be added to next year's catalog. SL4/SLB-order number 7846
SL6-order number 7856

All formats will be available August 1 and will be included in their new 1997/1998 catalog which will be available in August.

University Products plans to create stock in the future, but it is not available at this time.

[David Whitehair, OCLC, edited]


The 1997 Workstation Replacement Program has been extended per the following conditions: OCLC has some unused workstation credits for the program that ended on June 30, 1997 and believes that there are still at least 1,000 workstations that need to be upgraded in order to be compatible with OCLC services. Therefore, we will carry over the unused credits and extend the program until December 31, 1997 in order to support the upgrade of another 500 workstations. This extension of the program will end on December 31, 1997, or when the available credits have been used up by member libraries. OCLC will provide periodic updates on the remaining available credits.

*Note: The 1997 program does NOT require that you return your old equipment. To order, contact Jeannette Powell, 402-471-7740 or 800-307-2665, e-mail: Jeannette Powell .

The Pentium workstations being offered by OCLC are: 1. The M5133Gs Workstation $2116 Dell Gs+L 5/133 1MB Video memory 32MB (2EDO Simm) RAM Memory Integrated 3Com Ethernet board 256K Pipeline Burst Cache 8x speed CD-ROM Drive 3.5" Floppy Drive 1GB IDE Hard Drive 15" Trinitron SVGA .28 pitch non-interlaced 72Hz Monitor Passport for Windows, Windows 95, and a Mouse 3-year warranty

2. The M5166 Workstation $2655 Dell GXi 5/166 2MB Video memory 32MB (1EDO Dimm) RAM Memory Integrated 10/100 Ethernet board Integrated Sound Blaster Pro compatible sound Altec Lansing ACS90 Speakers 256K Pipeline Burst Cache 8x speed CD-ROM Drive 3.5" Floppy Drive 2GB IDE Hard Drive 15" Trinitron SVGA .28 pitch non-interlaced 72Hz Monitor Passport for Windows, Windows 95, and a Mouse 3-year warranty

Attention: This system is equipped with a Universal Serial Bus port (USB). Therefore, it has only one standard serial port. For users who require 2 standard serial ports, you will need to order the add-on Dell serial board.

There are add on and upgrade products available for each of the above computers. Maintenance agreements are also available. For more information contact Jeannette Powell, 402-471-7740 or 800-307-2665, e-mail Jeannette Powell .

-OCLC, edited.


Diana Boone, OCLC Members Services Coordinator, is leaving NEBASE to begin work on a Networking Technology degree. We wish her the best in her future endeavors! Until a new OCLC Member Services Librarian is hired, contact Jeannette Powell for OCLC product and service information, 402-471-7740 or 800-307-2665, e-mail: Jeannette Powell .



Combining Forces It is now easier than ever to write collection management policies. Trial projects at several libraries, public and academic, produced excellent results using the conspectus as the database for their collection management policies. These libraries were so satisfied with the experiment that they now maintain and update their policies in their conspectus database. Columbia University and the Alaska Cooperative Collection Agreement are two such library policies. Columbia University is a large academic library and the Alaskan libraries include tiny, one-person community collections.

To produce the collection management policy, the text of the policy is entered directly into the conspectus database in the appropriate divisions, categories, and subjects. The library's mission and goals statement, selection criteria, collection levels, acquisition goals, intended clientele, and access points are keyed into the comments field which has unlimited length. Formats such as electronic resources and realia; and use information for circulation, ILL, inhouse use, and reference are added to the related subject lines. Resource sharing agreements, censorship policy, gift policy, and Internet access policies are included in the comments for each division, category, or subject. Specific notes about who is responsible for selection and weeding, and what the goals are for the section are entered in the relevant subject line of the conspectus. Budget allocations also can be correlated for each subject.

The collection management policy can be printed as a policy document with specific collection information from the related assessment available for anyone who reads the policy. An additional benefit is the convenience for collection management team selectors and assessors: the information needed for setting collection goals and evaluating assessment results is correlated in one document and organized in conspectus order. This sets up an advantage for maintaining collection and access information that can be used internally or communicated in resource sharing partnerships.

For examples of conspectus-produced collection management policies, or for more information about collection management and assessment contact: Burns Davis, 402-471-2694 or 800-307-2665, e-mail: [obsolete].

-Burns Davis
Nebraska Library Commission


The following OCLC information was mailed to your library in August. If there is anything on this list that you did not receive or you need extra copies of please contact Jeannette Powell, Nebraska Library Commission, 1200 N Street, Suite 120, Lincoln, NE 68508-2023, 402-471-7740 or 800-307-2665, e-mail: Jeannette Powell .

OCLC Authority Control Service: Questions and Answers
OCLC Bibliographic Record Notification: Automatically Delivering Upgraded Records
OCLC Dial TCP/IP Access: Reaching More OCLC Services at No Extra Cost
OCLC Cataloging Micro Enhancer for Windows: Online and Offline Cataloging with one Windows Product
OCLC ILL Direct Request: Automatically Processing ILL Requests
What's New at OCLC (July 1997)

-Jeannette Powell
Nebraska Library Commission


3 OCLC Cataloging II: Serials, 9:00 A.M.- 3:00 P.M.
17 OCLC Cataloging II: Sound Recordings, 9:00 A.M. - 3:00 P.M.
For more information contact Jeannette Powell at the Library Commission (see previous).

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